Roses color and symbol meanings 

According to the "language of flowers", certain rose colors carry specific symbolic meanings.

  • Red: love, used to say "I love you," but also stands for courage and respect.
  • Red & White Together or White Roses with Red Edges signify unity and togetherness.
  • Pink: symbolizes grace, sophistication and elegance. Also symbolizes gentle feelings of love and friendship.
  • Dark Pink: Gratefulness and appreciation.
  • Light Pink: Admiration, sympathy
  • White: Innocence, purity, secrecy, friendship, reverence and humility.
  • Yellow: Often akin to joy and deep friendship or platonic love. In German speaking countries, however, they can mean jealousy and infidelity.
  • Yellow with red tips: Symbolizes a gesture of falling in love.
  • Orange or Coral symbolizes enthusiasm and desire
  • Burgundy: Beauty
  • Blue: Mystery
Further information: blue rose
  • Green: Calm
  • Black: used to signify death (black being the color of death) often of old habits. In a positive light it signifies rebirth after death. Also, slavish devotion (as a true black rose is impossible to produce).
  • Purple: protection (paternal/maternal love)

The rose also has various supernatural and literary attributes.

  • Pale Colors:convey warmth and friendship.
  • A Dozen Roses: stand for "there are dozens of ways I care about you."
  • Two Dozen Roses: stands for the 24 hours in a day and tells that "you think about them every hour".
  • Three Dozen Roses: signify a romantic attachment unlike any other.
  • Four Dozen Roses: mean unchanging and unconditional love.


The rose symbolizes various things, depending on the context:

  • The Rose is accepted as one of the state and national symbols in Bulgaria because of the leading traditions in cultivation of Roses for production of Rose oil (especially in the so called Rose Valley near the town of Kazanlak).
  • the Republic of Georgia's non-violent bid for freedom during its Rose Revolution;
  • the red rose of Lancaster, and the white rose of York, from the Wars of the Roses period;
  • the Rose-Cross is a symbol for the Rosicrucian;
  • the rose in The Dark Tower has symbolic meaning in that series of Stephen King novels.
  • In some pagan mythologies, no undead or ghostly creatures (particularly vampires) may cross the path of a wild rose. It was thought that to place a wild rose on a coffin of a recently deceased person would prevent them from rising again.
  • Since the earliest times, the rose has been an emblem of silence:
    • In Greek Mythology, Eros presents a rose to the god of silence.
    • In a Celtic folk legend, a wandering, screaming spirit was silenced by presenting the spirit with a wild rose every new moon.
  • Roses were used in very early times as a very potent ingredient in love philters.
  • In Rome it was often customary to bless roses on "Rose Sunday".
  • In Scotland, if a white rose bloomed in autumn it was a token of an early marriage.
  • The red rose, it is believed by many religions, cannot grow over a grave.
  • According to some Biblical legends, the original rose growing in the Garden of Eden was white, but turned red as it blushed with shame upon Adam and Eve's fall from grace.
  • Rose leaves thrown into a burning flame are said to give good luck.
  • If a maiden had more than one lover, it is believed in one mythology, she should take rose leaves and write the names of her lovers upon them before casting them into the wind. The last leaf to reach the ground would bear the name of the lover whom she should marry.
  • It is believed that if a rose bush were pruned on St. John's Eve, it would be guaranteed to bloom in the autumn.
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